8 June 2024 Current Affairs

8 June 2024 Current Affairs

DAILY-CURRENT-AFFAIRS-BY-EDUSPRINT

National News

India Launches Biopharmaceutical Alliance With US, Japan, & South Korea

  • IndiaThe United States Of America, South Korea, Japan And The European Union Have Launched A Biopharmaceuticals Alliance.
  • The First Meeting Of The Alliance Was Held In San Diego, The United States Of America, During The Bio International Convention 2024, The World’s Largest Pharmaceutical Exhibition. 
  • The BIO International Convention Was Held In San Diego, United States Of America From 3 To June 2024. The Bio International Convention Is Considered To Be The World’s Largest Event In The Field Of Biotechnology With The Participation Of More Than 18,500 Industry Leaders From Across The Globe.

What Are Biopharmaceuticals? 

Biopharmaceuticals Are A Type Of Medical Drug Which Is Produced By Using A Living Being’s Organs And Tissues, Microorganisms, Animal Fluids, Or Genetically Modified Cells And Organisms. It Is Different From Drugs That Are Manufactured Using Different Chemicals.

It Uses Biotechnology To Produce Drugs, Which Are Mainly Proteins And Nucleic Acids (DNA, RNA, Or Antisense Oligonucleotides). It Is Estimated That In The Next 5 To 10 Years, Around 50 Per Cent Of The Medical Drugs To Be Developed Will Be Biopharmaceuticals.

Inauguration of AQ-AIMS and Air-Pravah on World Environment Day 2024

  • On the occasion of World Environment Day 2024 (5th June 2024), S Krishnan, Secretary of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (Meity), inaugurated an indigenous Air Quality Monitoring System (AQ-AIMS) during the event held in New Delhi, Delhi.
  • He also launched the mobile application “Air-Pravah” for real-time Air Quality Index (AQI) monitoring. The AQ-AIMS and Air-Pravah were developed under MeitY-supported technologies.

Bihar’s Nagi & Nakti Bird Sanctuaries takes India’s Ramsar site to 82

  • The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has notified Nakti and Nagi bird sanctuaries in Bihar as the newest wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. Both the sites are man-made and situated in the Jhajha forest range of Jamui district of Bihar. 
  • Bihar now has three wetland sites under the Ramsar convention, and the total number of Ramsar sites in the country has increased to 82. 

About 81st and 82nd Ramsar Site of India

  • Nagi Bird Sanctuary was notified as the 81st Ramsar Site of India. The Nagi wetland area, spread over 791 hectares in the Jamuai district of Bihar, is a man-made site created by constructing a dam on the Nagi River.
  • Nakti Bird Sanctuary is the 82nd Ramasar site in India. It is also a man-made site created by Nakti Dam and is spread across 332 hectares. It is near the Nagi Bird Sanctuary and is also located in the Jamuai district of Bihar. The dam’s lake is a habitat for over 150 species of birds, mammals, fish, aquatic plants, etc.
  • Bihar now has three Ramsar sites. The first one was Kanwar Lake in Begusarai district, which was declared a Ramsar site in 2020.

India has 3rd largest number of Ramsar Sites in the world 

  • India and China jointly hold the third-largest number of Ramsar sites in the world, with 82 sites each. 
  • The United Kingdom leads the list with 175 sites, while Mexico is second with 144 sites.

India and Ramsar Convention 

India ratified the Ramsar Convention in 1982.

  • The first Indian wetland sites included in the Convention were Chilika Lake (Odisha) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) in 1981.
  • Amongst the states, Tamil Nadu has 16 sites, followed by Uttar Pradesh, which has 10.
  • Largest Ramsar site in India: Sunderban of West Bengal 
  • Smallest Ramsar site in India: Renuka in Himachal Pradesh 

International News

Denmark, Pakistan, Greece &Panama Elected To UN Security Council

The United Nations General Assembly Has Elected Pakistan, Somalia, Panama, Denmark, And Greece As The New Non-Permanent Members Of The United Nations Security Council. They Have Been Re-elected For A Two-Year Term Starting 1 January 2025.

Newly Elected Non-Permanent Members Of The Security Council

  • The Election To Elect Five New Members Of The UN Security Council Was Held On 6 June 2024 In The UN’s Headquarters In New York, The United States Of America.
  • The Newly Elected Members Pakistan, Somalia, Panama, Denmark, And Greece Will Replace Japan, Malta, Mozambique, Ecuador And Switzerland. These Countries’ Terms Will End On 31st December 2024. 
  • The Newly Elected Members Will Join Algeria, Guyana, The Republic Of Korea, Sierra Leone And Slovenia As The Other Non-Permanent Members Of The UN Security Council. The Terms Of Algeria, Guyana, The Republic Of Korea, Sierra Leone And Slovenia Started On 1 January 2024 And Will End On 31st December 2026. 
  • The Terms Of The Newly Elected Pakistan, Somalia, Panama, Denmark, And Greece Will Start On 1 January 2025 And End On 31st December 2027.

Security Council And Its Composition 

  • The UN Security Council Is The Most Important Body Of The United Nations, And It Is Primarily Responsible For Maintaining International Peace And Security. The Decision Of The Security Council Is Binding On All The Members Of The United Nations.
  • It Comprises 15 Members, 5 Of Whom Are Permanent And 10 Non-Permanent. 
  • The Five Permanent Bodies Of The UN Security Council Are The United States Of America, The United Kingdom, France, Russia And China. They Have Veto Power, And If They Vote Against A Resolution In The UN Security Council, Then The Resolution Cannot Be Passed.

How Are The Non-Permanent Members Of The UN Security Council Elected?

  • A Country Needs The Votes Of At Least Two-Thirds Of The UN Member Countries Present And Voting To Be Elected As Non-Permanent Members Of The UN Security Council. The United Nations Has 193 Members. A Secret Ballot Is Used To Elect The Non-Permanent Members Of The UN Security Council.
  • Countries With Non-Member Observer State Status At The United Nations Cannot Take Part In The Election Of UN Security Council Members. Palestine And The Holy See(Vatican) Are The Non-Member Observer States Of The UN
  • Every Year, Elections Are Held To Elect Five Non-Permanent Members Of The UN Security Council. The Member’s Tenure Starts On 1 January Next Year.

United Nations 

The United Nations Is An International Organisation That Was Formed In 1945 After The League Of Nations Failed To Stop The Second World War.

Initially, It Consisted Of 51 Member Countries, Including India, But Now, It Has 193 Member Countries.

  • Secretary General Of  United Nations:Antonio Guterres
  • Headquarters: New York, The United States Of America.
  • Founded:24 October 1945

Banking news

Muthoot Microfin and SBI Partner to Empower Rural Women Entrepreneurs

  • Strategic Co-Lending Partnership: Muthoot Microfin Limited and State Bank of India (SBI) join forces to enhance financial inclusion.
  • Target Beneficiaries: Focus on women entrepreneurs in rural and semi-urban areas.
  • Co-Lending to JLGs: Loans provided to Joint Liability Groups engaged in agriculture, allied activities, and other enterprises.
  • Loan Range: Financial support ranging from Rs 10,000 to Rs 3,00,000.
  • Objective: Strengthen financial access and support income-generating activities for rural women entrepreneurs.

State bank of India:

  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • Founded: 1955
  • Head: Dinesh Kumar Khara

Universal Sompo Launches ‘Insure Today For a Safe Tomorrow’ Campaign

  • Universal Sompo Launches ‘Insure Today For a Safe Tomorrow’ Campaign To Promote Awareness
  • Universal Sompo General Insurance Company Limited has launched a new theme, ‘Insure today for a safe tomorrow,’ to raise awareness about the importance of insurance in safeguarding against unforeseen risks.
  • It offers a wide range of insurance products, including motor, health, personal accident, fire, and burglary insurance. It is dedicated to ensure comprehensive protection for individuals, assets, and businesses.
  •  As part of an initiative called ‘Insurance for All by 2047,’ Universal Sompo collaborated with Maruti Suzuki Insurance Broking Private Limited to spread insurance awareness in Andhra Pradesh (AP).
  • Under the theme, a free vehicle checkup was provided at Krishna district, AP.

Universal Sompo General Insurance Company Limited

  • Headquarters: Mumbai
  • founded: November 2007.
  • head: Mr. Sharad Mathur

Award news

Nar Singh and Rohini Lokhande Win Dilip Bose Lifetime Achievement Award

  • Award Announcement: The All India Tennis Association (AITA) announced the Dilip Bose Lifetime Achievement Award.
  • Recipients: Coach Nar Singh and 69-year-old former national team member Rohini Lokhande.
  • Award Background: Instituted by AITA in 2002 to honor lifetime achievements in tennis.
  • Prize Details: Includes a cash prize of Rs. 50,000.
  • Presentation Event: To be awarded at the 11th National Coaches Workshop at PYC Hindu Gymkhana, Pune, on June 7 and 8.
  • Dilip Bose: Celebrated as a professional tennis player from India.

Summit News

First IPEF Clean Economy Investor Forum Meeting Held In Singapore

  • Singapore Hosted The First Indo-Pacific Economic Framework For Prosperity (IPEF) Clean Economy Investor Forum Meeting On 5& 6 June 2024. The Meeting Was Held Along With The Indo-Pacific Economic Framework For Prosperity (IPEF) Ministerial Meeting. The Indian Delegation Was Led By Sunil Barthwal, Secretary Of The Department Of Commerce.

IPEF Clean Economy Investor Forum Meeting 

IPEF Clean Economy Investor Forum:

  • Purpose: To unite top investors, clean economy companies, and start-ups from the Asia-Pacific region
  • Focus: Mobilize investments in renewable energy projects, sustainable infrastructure, and climate technology.

IPEF Catalytic Capital Fund:

·        Launch: Introduced at the IPEF Clean Economy Investor Forum.

·        Establishment: Created by IPEF member countries (Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea, United States) and the Infrastructure Development Group.

·        Grant Commitment: USD 33 million provided by member countries as a grant.

·        Goals:

o   Provide concessional loans, technical assistance, and capacity-building support.

o   Enhance the pipeline of quality, resilient, and inclusive clean economy infrastructure projects in emerging and upper-middle-income economies such as India and the Southeast Asian region.

·        Management: Fund managed by the Infrastructure Development Group.

·        Investment Attraction: Aim to attract up to USD 3.3 billion in private-sector investment for energy projects in the region.

Appointment news

Shri Kamal Kishore Soan Takes Over as Director General of ESIC

  • Shri Kamal Kishore Soan, a senior IAS officer from Jharkhand Cadre (Batch : 1998) currently serving as an Additional Secretary and Director General, Labour Welfare in the Ministry of Labour & Employment, took over the additional charge of Director General of Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) under Ministry of Labour & Employment, on 31.05.2024.
  • He has got vast experience of governance and management of various departments in the state of Jharkhand viz. Land Revenue Management and District Administration, Agriculture & Cooperation, Health, Building Construction, Transport, Finance, Energy, Water Resources, Social Justice & Empowerment, etc.

ESIC:

  • Headquarters: New Delhi
  • Founded: 1952

Sports News

Sarabjot Singh Wins Gold At ISSF Munich World Cup 2024

On 6 June 2024, Sarabjot Singh Won India’s First Medal At The International Shooting Sports Federation (ISSF) World Cup, Which Was Held In Munich, Germany. The ISSF World Cup Will Be Held From May 31 To June 8, 2024.  

Gold Medal For Sarabjot Singh

  • The Indian Shooter Sarabjot Singh Scored 242.7 Points In The Final To Win The Gold Medal In The Men’s 10-Meter Air Pistol Event
  • Shuaihang Bu Of The People’s Republic Of China Won The Silver Medal, While The German Robin Walter Had To Settle For A Bronze Medal.
  • This Was Sarabjot Singh’s Second Individual Gold Medal In The ISSF World Cup. Last Year, He Won The Gold In The Men’s 10-Meter Air Rifle Event At The ISSF World Cup Held In Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.

ISSF World Cup 

  • The ISSF World Cup Is One Of The Most Prestigious Shooting Tournaments In The World After The Olympics. It Is Organised By The World Shooting Sports Governing Body, The International Shooting Sports Federation (ISSF).
  • The ISSF Was Formed In 1907, And Its Headquarters Is In Munich, Germany.
  • The First ISSF World Cup Was Organised In 1986 At Mexico City In Mexico.

ISSF:

  • Headquarters: Munich, Germany
  • Presidents: Vladimir Lisin, Luciano Rossi
  • Founded: 1907

Science and tech news

Boeing’s Starliner Maiden Voyage to ISS with NASA Astronauts

  • On June 2024, Boeing’s Starliner spacecraft lifted off to space on its maiden voyage to the International Space Station (ISS) with 2 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) astronauts Butch Wilmore and Sunita Williams. The astronauts are in orbit on the 1st crewed flight test for the ISS.
    • The astronauts lifted off on a United Launch Alliance (ULA) Atlas V rocket from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida, the United States of America (USA).
    • Indian Origin American Sunita Williams is the 1st female astronaut to fly on the 1st flight of a crewed mission of Boeing Starliner.
  • The launch is part of NASA’s Boeing Crew Flight Test, to validate and certify the crew system for operational crewed rotation missions to the ISS.

Important days

World Food Safety Day 2024: Date, History, and Theme

  • Date: Celebrated annually on June 7th.
  • Purpose: Raises awareness about the importance of food safety and promotes actions to prevent, detect, and manage foodborne risks.
  • Significance: Highlights the critical role of food safety in ensuring access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food for all.
  • Origins: Proposed by the United Nations in 2016.
  • Key Agencies: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) tasked with promoting food safety globally.
  • Official Recognition: June 7th designated as World Food Safety Day in 2018; World Health Assembly passed a resolution on August 3, 2020, to recognize the importance of food security.

Food and agriculture organization:

  • Founded: 16 October 1945, Québec City, Canada
  • Headquarters: Rome, Italy
  • Head: Qu Dongyu

World health organization:

  • Founded: 7 April 1948
  • Parent organization: United Nations
  • Director-General: Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

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