24 April 2024 Current Affairs:

24 April 2024 Current Affairs:

DAILY-CURRENT-AFFAIRS-BY-EDUSPRINT

National NEWS

Shompen Tribe’s Historic Voting in Andaman and Nicobar Elections:

  • Shompen tribe, categorized as one of India’s Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), voted for the first time in the Andaman and Nicobar Lok Sabha constituency.
  • The tribe resides in the dense tropical rainforests of the Great Nicobar island.
  • Seven members of the Shompen tribe participated in the election, marking their inaugural involvement in the democratic process.
  • The Shompen population is estimated at 229 individuals based on 2011 Census data.
  • Voter turnout in the Andaman and Nicobar Lok Sabha constituency was 63.99%, slightly lower than the 2019 elections’ turnout of 65.09%.
  • This event signifies a significant milestone for the indigenous community’s political participation and inclusion.

India’s Largest Climate Clock Activated at CSIR HQ for Earth Day:

  • The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) installed and activated India’s largest Climate Clock at its Headquarters in New Delhi to celebrate Earth Day.
  • The event aims to raise awareness about climate change and its adverse effects.
  • The Climate Clock serves as a visual reminder of the urgency to address climate change and reduce carbon emissions.
  • Prof. Chetan Singh Solanki of IIT Bombay and Founder of Energy Swaraj Foundation emphasized the importance of energy literacy among citizens.
  • Solanki highlighted the need for every individual to minimize energy usage to mitigate the impact of climate change.

CSIR:

  • Founded: 26 September 1942
  • President: Narendra Modi
  • Founder: Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar

First BJP Candidate to Win Lok Sabha Poll Unopposed: Mukesh Dalal

  • Mukesh Dalal, representing the BJP, secures victory in the Lok Sabha election without facing any opposition, a rare occurrence in Indian electoral history.
  • His triumph from the Surat parliamentary constituency marks the first instance in 12 years of a candidate winning unopposed.
  • Notably, this victory is also the first time a BJP candidate wins a parliamentary poll without any opposition.
  • Mr. Dalal emerges as the sole contestant for the Surat Lok Sabha seat after all other nominees withdraw from the race.
  • The candidature of the Congress party’s Nilesh Kumbhani was rejected due to discrepancies in the signature of the proposers by the district returning officer.
  • Since 1951, there have been at least 34 instances of individuals winning parliamentary elections without facing any opposition, including Mr. Dalal’s recent victory in the 18th Lok Sabha.

International NEWS

First Hindi Language Radio Broadcast in Kuwait:

  • Kuwaiti radio launches historic Hindi language program every Sunday from 8:30 to 9:00 P.M. starting April, 2024.
  • Broadcasted on FM 93.3 and AM 96.3 frequencies.
  • Initiative praised by the Indian Embassy in Kuwait for fostering cultural exchange and strengthening bilateral ties.
  • Indian Embassy appreciates Kuwaiti Ministry of Information for promoting cultural diversity and enhancing relations.
  • Approximately 900,000 Indians reside and work in Kuwait, making Indian communities the largest expatriate group in the country.
  • This initiative signifies a step towards enhancing cultural understanding and connectivity between Kuwait and India.

Kuwait country:

  • Capital: Kuwait City
  • Currency: Kuwaiti Dinar
  • Prime minister: Ahmad Al Abdullah Al Sabah 

Brighton Council’s Commemoration of Indian Army’s Role in World Wars:

  • Brighton and Hove city council in England plans annual multi-faith event at India Gate memorial to honor Indian soldiers in World Wars.
  • India Gate, influenced by Gujarati architecture, designed by Thomas Tyrwhitt.
  • Unveiled on 26 October 1921 by Maharaja of Patiala Bhupender Singh.
  • Gifted by princes and people of India to express gratitude for care provided to wounded Indian soldiers in Brighton hospitals during World Wars.
  • Memorializes 12,000 Indian soldiers hospitalized in Brighton during First World War.

England country:

  • Capital: London
  • Currency: Pound sterling
  • King: King Charles III

Award NEWS

Ratan Tata Honored with KISS Humanitarian Award 2021:

  • Ratan Tata, Chairman Emeritus of Tata Group, receives prestigious KISS Humanitarian Award 2021 in Mumbai.
  • Award recognizes Tata’s global humanitarian efforts.
  • Initiated by Achyuta Samanta in 2008, the award honors individuals and organizations for humanitarian endeavors.
  • Ceremony held at Tata’s Mumbai residence, attended by N. Chandrasekaran and Ricky Kej.
  • Personal presentation of the award by Achyuta Samanta due to Tata’s health considerations.

Agreement NEWS

Rashtriya Raksha University’s Strategic Partnership with Starburst Aerospace:

  • Rashtriya Raksha University’s RRU in India and Starburst Aerospace of France sign MoU to drive innovation in aerospace, defence, and security.
  • Aim to advance innovation in aerospace, defence, and homeland security, aligned with India-France Strategic Partnership.
  • Creation of a 100 million euros venture capital fund to foster innovation and growth in aerospace, defence, and security technology.
  • Indian startups to receive export promotion support, enhancing global reach and impact in international markets.
  • Partnership extends to include Security and Scientific Technical Research Association (SASTRA), focusing on innovation and advancements in aerospace, defence, and homeland security sectors.

France country:

  • Capital: Paris
  • President: Emmanuel Macron
  • Prime minister: Gabriel Attal

Award NEWS

2024 Laureus Sports Awards Winners:

  • Serbian professional tennis player Novak Djokovic named Laureus World Sportsman of the Year for the fifth time, matching Roger Federer’s record.
  • American artistic gymnast Simone Biles recognized as the most decorated gymnast in history, with 37 World and Olympic medals.
  • Spanish professional footballer Aitana Bonmatí becomes first footballer to win Laureus World Sportswoman of the Year award, praised for exceptional skills.
  • Ceremony held in Madrid, celebrating achievements of world’s top athletes.

List of 2024 Laureus Sports Awards:

  1. Sportsman of the Year Award: Novak Djokovic
  2. Sportswoman of the Year Award: Aitana Bonmati
  3. Comeback of the Year Award: Simone Biles
  4. Breakthrough of the Year Award: Jude Bellingham
  5. Team of the Year Award: Spain Women’s Football Team
  6. Action Sportsperson of the Year Award: Arisa Trew
  7. Laureus Sport for Good Award: Fundaci³n Rafa Nadal
  8. Sportsperson of the Year with a Disability Award: Diede de Groot

Laureus Sports Awards:

  • The Laureus World Sports Awards is an annual event that started in 2000. It celebrates great and inspiring sporting achievements and also showcases Laureus Sport for Good’s initiatives. 
  • Shortlists for seven categories, which include Sportswoman, Sportsman, Team, Breakthrough, Comeback, Action and Sport for Good, are created by votes from over 1,000 sports media from more than 70 countries.
  • The International Paralympic Committee shortlists World Athlete of the Year with a Disability.

Sports NEWS

Saurav Ghosal’s Professional Squash Career Highlights:

  • Saurav Ghosal’s Professional Squash Career Announced retirement after a 21-year career in professional squash.
  • Won 10 PSA titles and reached finals in 18 tournaments.
  • Last PSA title: 2021 Malaysian Open Squash Championships.
  • Last tournament: 2024 Windy City Open, lost to Timothy Brownell.
  • First Indian junior World No. 1 in 2004.
  • Sole Indian squash player to reach top 10 in senior men’s singles, ranked world no. 10 in April 2019.

Yuzvendra Chahal’s Milestone in IPL:

  • Yuzvendra Chahal achieves historic feat as the first bowler to claim 200 wickets in IPL history.
  • Chahal, a leg spinner, represents Rajasthan Royals in the IPL.
  • He reached the milestone by dismissing Mohammad Nabi of Mumbai Indians in a match held in Jaipur.
  • Chahal began his IPL journey with Mumbai Indians in 2011 but debuted for the franchise in 2013.

Debate Over Nandini’s Sponsorship of Ireland and Scotland Cricket Teams:

  • ‘Nandini’, the dairy brand of Karnataka Milk Federation (KMF), to sponsor Scotland and Ireland cricket teams for 2024 T20 World Cup.
  • Sponsorship aimed at enhancing Nandini’s international visibility, aligning with its presence in markets like the United States, Middle East, and Singapore.
  • Teams expected to prominently display ‘Nandini’ branding during matches, increasing brand exposure.
  • Managing director MK Jagadish defends sponsorship as a strategic move to expand market reach and strengthen global presence.
  • Decision sparks debate over commercialization of sports and the role of corporate branding in international cricket tournaments.

Ranks and Report

India’s Ranking in Global Military Spending (2023):

  • India ranks 4th in global military expenditure, spending $83.6 billion in 2023.
  • The expenditure aimed at modernizing a variety of weapons and combat systems.
  • Report released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).
  • United States (US), China, and Russia precede India as the top three spenders.
  • India’s military spending witnessed a 4.2% increase compared to 2022.
  • Growth attributed to strategic focus on enhancing defence capabilities and bolstering military infrastructure.
  • Focus intensified following Ladakh standoff with China since May 2020.
  • Modernization efforts include investments in fighter jets, helicopters, warships, tanks, artillery guns, rockets, missiles, unmanned capabilities, and other combat systems.

Important Days

English Language Day 2024:

  • Celebrated annually on April 23, English Language Day coincides with William Shakespeare’s birthday and death anniversary.
  • Chosen to honor Shakespeare’s profound influence on the English language as the most renowned playwright.
  • Shakespeare’s works continue to shape modern English and cultural discourse. The
  • theme for English Language Day 2024 is “Use of Technology for Multilingual Teaching: Challenges and Opportunities”.

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